This project runs in two locations, namely, Gods Abode, Airoli (new) and Gods Heavens, Chandivli, Powai.
Presently, there are 32 children in Gods Heavens of which 12 are in ECI and 20 in PST. There are 13 children in Airoli of which 6 are ECI and 7 in PST. Total of 45. ...
Early Childhood Intervention ( Age Group for ECI- 2 to 11 Years)
The children in the age group of 2 to 11 years with special needs are admitted after a thorough assessment and medical diagnosis (if required).
It requires a lot of efforts from our Specialists (Therapists / Teachers / Social worker / Counsellor) to counsel the Parents about the importance of early intervention to put the child on an all-round development scale.
Individual Action Plans are made for each child on admission, for his / her self-help skills, special education like eye hand co-ordination, sitting tolerance and motor skill functions through play therapy communication and language, group therapy and counselling etc… This plan is strictly followed with the help of occupational, physio and speech therapists and special educators.
Life help skills (day to day activities like brushing teeth, bathing, dressing, eating food, etc.), sitting / standing posture etc. are taught to them and their parent, which improve with the therapy they get (Occupational, Speech and Physiotherapy).
Academic skills such as identifying pictures of fruits, vegetables, animals, birds, places, etc.,etc.; naming them and understanding the use in daily life, what they do, etc., How to say their name, school name, home address, greet people, etc., etc. Numbers and alphabets are taught orally with visuals, articles, etc. and then reading , writing. Process is slow as per the capacity of the child to cope.
Celebrations - Each and every occasion like national , religious etc. are celebrated with them.. Outings to gardens, picnics, cinema and our own Founders day and other awareness programs help them to find a platform to enjoy and also show their talents.
Periodical reviews and meetings with parents are conducted to see the improvements or otherwise, so that any course correction required can be effected immediately.
Yearly review is taken to see their readiness to be promoted- either move to an integrated / inclusive school or special school set up, where they can benefit from the school infrastructure and activities or to our Prevocational Training Unit.. Working on these children at an early age helps them to achieve their optimum level of development and they can easily be integrated into the community in education, training, employment, etc. depending on the severity of their disabilities. Otherwise, they lag behind in everything and ultimately become a lifelong burden to the parents.
This also helps the Parents to be more aware of the medical and adaptation needs for these children and by providing them timely interventions, improvements can be achieved.
The greatest challenge we find in this project is the regular attendance of these children, which depends on their health and the health of any other member of the family, which makes it impossible for the mother to drop or pick them up. So we have arranged a transport which can bring them on a regular basis in Sanghursh nagar, asking the parent to visit us at least once a week for any inputs.
Prevocational Training: (Age Group for PST- 12 to 17 Years)
Children in the age group 12 to 17 years, who find difficulty in academics in the regular stream of education due to their disability, are admitted in this group and are taught the basic functional skills like clock & calendar reading, money usage, day to day activities, banking, shopping etc. and the basic skills (measuring, holding, folding, etc. required to ready them for vocational skills training. A few of them who can be educated are coached in NIOS syllabus to write the tenth class exams. These youngsters are also assessed and individual action plans are made for their education, therapy and training.. They move on to vocational training once they reach 18 years of age.
Prevocational Training enables a child to gain that level of confidence which is earlier missing to do the normal day-to-day activities, which he/ she is otherwise lacking.
There are many behaviour issues at this age due to the physical changes, which they cannot cope without parental or peer support. Parents too are not able to understand the sudden changes in behaviour, which if not attended and channelised, becomes a great hindrance to their normal development.
Under professional guidance from counsellor and special educator, they gain confidence to cope up with the growing up issues, they then are able to choose a particular functional area of their interest, encouraging them to proceed to skills training on joining the Vocational Training Programme, towards a Life with Dignity.
We also find it necessary to include moral and ethical values in our teachings, so that their character building takes place simultaneously. This will make them good human beings, ready to face the world with confidence.
Read more2. Vocational Skills Training(Age Group 18 to 30 years)
One of the primary goals of special education is preparing the disabled pupils to a life after they finish school. This means finding a vocation to study further with future plans of an employment to provide them the opportunities to be self-sufficient, which not only builds their self-esteem but also gives some kind of solace to the family.
However, in case of people with Severe or Multiple Disability, this becomes difficult due to their disabling conditions. Some of them (physically challenged) may study further, but find it difficult to go out and work; some of them are intellectually impaired; they can neither achieve higher academics nor can be employed in skilful work outside as they cannot manage this by themselves; thus their abilities need to be assessed, understood and based on that and their area of interest, they will need specialised training in skills which can be easily understood and used later as a value adding vocation.
In order to proceed with skills training, they have to be readied through assessments of the following abilities and necessary therapy for strengthening:
- A) Motor skills - Gross motor and Fine motor
- B) Literacy and numerical skills (reading, writing and calculations, measuring, etc.)
- C) Comprehension skills
- D) Social skills (behaviour, greeting, team work, etc.)
At MBA Foundation, persons with varied types of disabilities e.g. intellectually impaired, down syndrome, spastic, autism and people with behaviour disorder are admitted. On admission, the trainees are observed for their functional ability and then individual education plan is made for each of them, keeping in mind the degree of disability.
As per their needs, skills are generally imparted with the help of a team of professionals consisting of Special Educators, Physiotherapists, Speech Therapists and Occupational Therapists who work in tandem. Periodical assessment, counselling trainees and parents as per need, behaviour modification, etc. happen side by side to improve the overall personality of the trainee, preparing him / her for a job oriented future.
They are gradually introduced to the different occupational activities in the centre so that they get the concept of work ethics, time management, discipline and a sense of purpose.
This ensures that they are kept engaged throughout the day and increases their self-confidence. They are slowly introduced to different skills like art work, pasting, measuring, dance, music, etc., etc. This takes about 8 months to 1 year, after which their ability to function as a value adding member is assessed and then they are moved to the Sheltered Workshop for making and packing of different items of daily use and gift items and they start earning or further prepare them for external placements.
In this Project, presently, there are 15 beneficiaries.
3. Computer Training and Occupation – AMBA Foundation( Age Group 18 Onwards)
AMBA foundation is an Institution that imparts residential training to various NGOs all over India, free of cost. This is an alternate education for adults with moderate to severe intellectual disability. AMBA vision is to change the mind set about our adults while discovering infinite possibilities for a life of dignity for them through economic empowerment. ...
AMBA focus is upbringing sustainable livelihood to adults with very low IQ below 65% and having no capacity to do formal education by using information technology. Our Team of 3 attended a weekly residential Training Programme at Bangalore in July 2017. The Training was well organised. Our Team enjoyed the Training and learnt in detail about the courses. There was NCA (non-computer activity) training for our peer trainers and training on computer for Special Educators (Teachers).
After completion of the Training, we at MBA foundation have started AMBA program from August 2017. There are 20 trainees; 2 peer trainers, 1 assistant teacher and chief trainer. We have training on computers and our NCA training is also going on quiet well. Regular monthly reports are also being sent to AMBA H.O. at Bangalore.
The aim of the Foundation is to ensure that after completion of training, our Trainees are well equipped to undertake assignments pertaining to Visual and Functional data entry for companies. For this we need computers or laptops. AMBA foundation have also assured to give us data entry jobs for the first six months after our trainees complete the stipulated training course of one year. This hand holding will instil confidence in our Team and bring out a positive outlook in obtaining repeated future orders.
4. Scope of Employment( Age Group 20 Onwards)
Everyone in life aspires to grow up, get educated, trained and get a job and earn to be able to live ‘A Life With Self Esteem and Dignity’ through value adding Occupation.
This being the Mission of MBA Foundation, our endeavour is to make each one of these differently able youngsters, capable and confident of performing some value adding work and earn. While a few of them are able to go out and work.
Open Employment. (we have placed around 95 in good jobs), some of the qualified ones work in our office also in different capacities – accounts assistant, matron, receptionist, awareness building, marketing, etc.
Semi Sheltered Employment.
Those who can work in an office atmosphere but they are unable to find suitable work places are trained encouraged to work in our own administration and back office and that of our sister concern Self Esteem Foundation for Disabled.
Sheltered Work unit But there are more of them who can never be able to go out or do our regular office work, due to the severity of their physical / mental disabilities; but have definite qualities to perform under support and supervision of special educators. These youngsters are trained in Vocational Skills of various types, depending on their abilities and interest; and when they are ready, they work in teams. ... In Sheltered Work unit they make and pack simple items of daily use and earn a stipend, towards ‘A Life With Self Esteem and Dignity’.
They find a secure environment with not much competition like the mainstream workplace and the work is modified to suit their ability. They continue to get motivation and refresher training to perform better and also training in new skills every year. They get an opportunity to be out of the 4 walls of their homes with a definite timetable of activities – making, packing of products, therapy for their upkeep, counselling, relaxation (Bhajan, Yoga, Dance and Music) etc., all under one roof, helping in keeping them agile, active and happy.
As the supervisors are professionals with full knowledge of their condition, they can understand the competency and shortcomings of the trainees and adjust their work load. They also get the much needed care and help in their hygiene needs from care- takers (going to washroom, taking food, etc. etc.)
At our Foundation, after being trained in Vocational skills, they move to the sheltered workplace and work in groups to make items like:
- 1. Fancy Paper Bags, Gift Envelopes, Art and Craft items.
- 2. Scented / Floating Candles and Tea Lights Candles.
- 3. Bakery items, Snacks and Squash / Pickles.
- 4. Packing – Liquids in bottles – Disinfectants; Liquid Soap and Hand Wash.
- 5. Stitching all clothe and jute items like folders; diaries; fancy bags; small purses/ pouches; shoulder bags, etc.
- 6. Jewellery and Torans with beads.
- 7. Gardening, etc.
Under the same roof, they avail of other rehabilitation facilities too, such as, physio, psycho and speech therapies; counselling, group relaxation, etc. etc. they also celebrate each festival, every one’s birthday, etc. together.
This project works as a holistic approach to their life long rehabilitation, not depending on their competency, but on their absolute need to be happy and content through occupation … Additionally, this also brings about a big respite to parents who otherwise are bound at home with them.
At present, our total strength in Sheltered Workshop is 70; 45 beneficiaries in Day Care and, 25 from Life Care.
5. Therapies :
Speech, occupational, physic and psycho therapies are the backbones of a rehab program for persons with disabilities. Proper assessment helps in identifying the required therapy for each individual, which then is weaved into his / her individual action plan of rehab. Regular periodical reviews help in finding the extent of improvement and accordingly the future actions are planned.
Therapy is not like taking a tablet to remove headache; many people get disillusioned as the improvements are not immediately visible; but over a continued period of taking therapy, there is definite changes, which help the person in moving higher in life....
- Occupational Therapy
- Occupational Therapy uses activities, strategies, exercises, accommodation and orthotics and prosthetics training to help children with disabilities to develop the skills to achieve independence in daily living activities, play and leisure activities and academic learning. An Occupational Therapist thorough assessment, accurate observation and various tests, finds out the Child’s areas of strengths and weaknesses. Subsequently, he creates a program of activities to work on and develop skills such as strength, attention, coordination, sensory integration. Occupational Therapy help children with various needs improve their cognitive, physical, sensory, and motor skills and enhance their self-esteem and sense of accomplishment.
Children with Birth Injuries, Birth Defects, Sensory Processing Disorders, Traumatic Injuries (Brain Or Spinal Cord), Learning disorders , Pervasive Developmental Disorders , Arthritis , Behavioural Problems , Orthopaedic Injuries, Developmental Delays , Post-Surgical Conditions, Burns, Spinal Bifida, Traumatic Amputations, Cancer, Severe Hand Injuries, Multiple Sclerosis, Cerebral Palsy and other Chronic Illnesses benefit from Occupational Therapy.
- Physiotherapist helps to gain patients range of motions in all joints and improving the strength of muscles to obtain functional independence. They generally use IFT and Ultrasound Electrical Modality equipment to reduce any pain, tenderness or joint stiffness. Manual therapy techniques like NDT (Neuro Developmental Therapy), Bobath techniques, Maitland techniques, Myofacial release techniques and Mulligan methods etc. to regain or increase any range of motion which is restricted of in the patients’ joints.
We use cognitive behaviour therapy which allows the ward to change their negative / distressed thoughts into motivational and positive thoughts. A psychotherapist can closely observe the behaviours, which is bothering or disturbing the wards and make them express through individual sessions. This treatment will help them to work in a team and understand the importance of emotions. It also helps the beneficiaries to get motivated mentally in a group as well as individual sessions and express their feelings positively.
We in MBA Foundation, deal with the wards who are mentally retarded; orthopedically handicapped and with psychiatric problems. The various programmes are based on increasing / improving / maintaining attention span; concentration - basically perception and cognitive skills.
- Speech Therapy
- Speech Therapy starts with speech and language evaluation consisting of talking to parents and getting information and then evaluating the child. Children are evaluated in a play way method. Parents are questioned about the vegetative functions of the children like chewing, swallowing, eating different textures of food, blowing and sucking. Oral peripheral mechanism is evaluated for tongue tie, tongue thrust, cleft lip and/or palate, high arched palate, cerebral palsy, spasticity, mental retardation, etc. Drooling and accumulation of saliva in mouth is a persistent problem for many special children which makes the speech unclear. Children are evaluated through articulation testing to determine which sounds are affected and to be worked on.
After a thorough evaluation of speech and language, a detailed plan is developed to have consistent progress for the children. Speech exercises are carried out in therapy sessions and explained to care givers and parents, so that they can be carried out consistently at the centre and home too. Children are encouraged to be verbal in their response and not use gestures to communicate. Confidence of children is worked upon so they are more comfortable to express their needs and narrate their experiences. Children are seen individually for speech therapy and each child’s speech needs are taken care of. Special educators are communicated about how to work on each child’s speech and language development. Many of these children have low self-esteem and are often inaudible. They have to be encouraged to talk louder and clearer.
- How Speech Therapy Benefits the child:
- Communicate more effectively.
- Improvement in the ability to understand and express thoughts, ideas and feelings
- Intelligible speech so your child is understood by others
- Improved swallowing function and safety
- Improved vocal quality
- Fluent speech
- Development of practical social skills
- Greater self-esteem
- Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change and overcome problems in desired ways. Psychotherapy aims to improve an individual's well-being and mental health.
Psychotherapy is a therapy given to people who have problems with mental health. We use cognitive behaviour therapy which allows the ward to change their negative / distressed thoughts into motivational and positive thoughts. A psychotherapist can closely observe the behaviours, which is bothering or disturbing the wards and make them express through individual sessions. This treatment will help them to work in a team and understand the importance of emotions. It also helps the beneficiaries to get motivated mentally in a group as well as individual sessions and express their feelings positively.
In MBA Foundation, psychotherapy is mainly focused on Therapies like Cognitive, Behaviour Modification, Group Therapy, Individual Counselling and Parental Counselling, Anger Management Techniques and Personal Enhancement. This has enabled them in gaining confidence, social skill improvement and acceptance level of parents. Because of the counselling sessions, they are able to adjust according to the situation. They also become aware of their medical needs which has shown improvement and gain benefits in a positive way. Group therapy sessions also helps our wards to raise their self-confidence, communication skills and get rid of their fear in public speaking.
6. Life Care Project
Life care or life-long residential care has been designed for people above the age of 20 years, who cannot be taken care of by parents or guardians at home. These beneficiaries are provided with every facility for living comfortably in a group; with nutritious food, medical care, living and hygiene care, in addition to the training and sheltered workshop activities, along with the day care trainees....
Presently, there are 25 dependant people living with us. Parents of 8-10 of present day-care students have booked for life care, when they are unable to manage their wards at home. Cases are also coming from outside through references from other NGOs /parents /well-wishers… expect 4-5 more to join in 2019-20.
There are 3 girls with physical disabilities, who joined us as life care beneficiaries 12 years back; but are now full time employees – one is House Matron, one is in Marketing (computer based) and third one is our Receptionist. They have been supported to complete school finals / graduation, trained in various jobs and made full time employees. They live here with the other beneficiaries and enjoy all the life care facilities.
Accommodation is of a dormitory facility, separate for boys and girls. It is the overall responsibility of the Matron and Care givers to ensure running the residential facility in a smooth manner. With the help of our Social worker and Admin staff, they plan, organise and monitor all the required activities in the residential facility like personal hygiene, medical care, etc. in close consultation with the parent / guardian.
Medical Care forms an important part – Dr. L.H.Hiranandani Hospital in Powai, supports all the medical needs of these youngsters.. now, after shifting to Airoli, we also seek help in emergencies from Apple Hospital, which is very close to the centre.
House-keepers monitor the prescriptions, give time to time medication to all life care beneficiaries; procuring the medicines and visiting doctors as per requirement with office Admin staff, etc. Details of each beneficiary are maintained in a register for any kind of information required by the management, doctors or parents. Planning the diet for the beneficiaries is also an important aspect, which is done in consultation with a professional dietician, who prescribes, taking into consideration the physical / medical conditions of these members.
Care Givers are one of the strongest support systems and vital clog in the wheel for running Life Care. These caregivers are specially trained to care for people who require specific / total assistance. They provide assistance in regular hygiene requirements, medical needs, etc. Matron, along with the support of the Social worker, counsellor and special educator, interacts with parents or guardians and help with emotional needs, fully understanding the mood / requirement of the beneficiaries. Stress is also a huge factor in the parents of a special needs person and the staff members help them also with occasional meetings, discussions, etc.
These care givers get very attached to these beneficiaries, who also are very fond of them. Morning till evening they take turns to be with them, taking care of every need. They also tidy their rooms, beds, clothes etc. to keep their surroundings clean, when the youngsters are in their day care classes.
The life care staff have regular meetings with the Teachers and Management for effective functioning. In addition, since they are in the centre 24 hours of the day, the Team also helps in the general day-to-day running of the Foundation.
The young beneficiaries with no physical disabilities are trained in house-keeping, so that they can help in keeping their clothes tidy, living place clean, help others who are dependant, etc., thus they too remain occupied after the day care activities ( 4pm to 8 pm) and live like a family in a house.
7. Skill Training Programs sponsored by Rotary Club of Mumbai Pier
- 1. Computer Training, English Language & Back Office work and
- 2. Housekeeping for People with Special needs & Underprivileged
1. Importance of Computer training with English language :
We have seen in the last 15 -20 years that knowledge of computer operations and usage of English language have become a necessity for everyone. And it is much more suitable for people with physical disabilities, as they can sit in a place and work on computers... We have trained about 100+ students in the years 2011 to 2014 in Job oriented training programs and nearly 90 of them are employed in corporate organisations few of them work in our office too in the areas of account, sales, etc.
Presently, we conduct 3 months Basic Computer Training and English language (spoken & written) for differently able youngsters and under- privileged local youth under this project.
... This course will train the candidates in the required computer skills and other job skills like communication, team work, work discipline, positive attitude, etc., required to successfully get employed, increasing their self-confidence. The trainees who complete this course are given a certificate at the end of the course.
Topics covered in Computer Training
- 1. Introduction to Computer – hardware & software
- 2. Ms Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint)
- 3. Introduction to Internet and its application
Topics Covered in English language
- 1. Spoken & Written English
- 2. Basic grammar including subject and predicate, noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition conjunction etc… sentence making, story writing, etc.
- 3. Students are given assignments for group discussion to improve on communication skills and public speaking
We also arrange guest lectures, where the faculty come from Corporates and Banking sector. The topics taken are Personality development, Basics of Bank operations, Time Management.
2. Training in Housekeeping: :
Trainees with mild or moderate mental handicap, who cannot be trained in computers, etc., but are with good hand functions and can obey instructions, are chosen to get trained in House keeping.. this 3 months course helps them to steady their mental and physical faculties and concentrate on a given job.
Topics Covered in Housekeeping
Theory & Practical Training in:
- 1. Personal & Environmental Hygiene, Keeping Office area, Reception and Garden clean and green, tidying living areas, cupboards, beddings, etc., assisting in the Kitchen work, etc.
- 2. Back Office activities- Telephone Operating, Xeroxing, Filing, etc.in the process, learning office etiquettes, discipline, team work as part of the training.
Post Course completion(Housekeeping)
Few of the trainees who completes this basic Housekeeping course will be sent for advance course in Hospitality area. Others will be working in the sheltered workshop of MBA Foundation.